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Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is the most common cause of end- stage renal disease. Albuminuria is the foremost commonly utilized marker to anticipate onset of diabetic nephropathy (DN) without sufficient affectability and specificity to identify early DN.
Aim: This study aimed to evaluate Plasma cyclophilin A (CypA) as a new biomarker for early DN.
Methods: This cross sectional study included 125 Egyptian subjects attending the out Patients Clinic of the Department of Internal Medicine, 10Th of Ramadan city Health Insurance Hospital and divided into-:control group, patient with diabetic mellitus, patients with Diabetic nephropathy and patient with diabetic nephropathy and other complications. Patients were subjected to measurement of plasma cyclophyline A, FBS, HbAIC, serum creatinine, serum urea, serum uric acid, k, Na, serum phosphorus, Albumin:Creatinine Ratio, GFR, Chol, TG, LDL HDL, AST, ALT, T.BIL, D.BIL ALB, TP, GLB and A/G ratio.
Results: Results showed that Cyclophilin A was significantly correlated with duration of DM, CR, Urea, UR.A, Na, phosphorus, ACR, Chol, TG, LDL, AST, ALT, T.BIL, D.BIL. Meanwhile, Cyclophilin A was negatively correlated with HA1C, K, GFR, HDL, ALB, TP, GLB and A/G ratio. At cut-off level ≥84.14, cyclophilin A had 91% sensitivity and 62% specificity for diagnosing diabetic nephropathy.
Conclusion: CypA can be used as an early marker for DN as we found early significant high levels of urinary CypA in diabetic patients with stage 2 DN even before the appearance of albuminuria.
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