Chemical Composition and Nutritional Value of Cassia occidentalis Seeds
International Journal of Biochemistry Research & Review,
Proximate composition, amino acid, mineral content, vitamin composition and anti-nutritional factors of Cassia occidentalis seed were determined using a standard method of analysis. The result showed that the seed had the following proximate composition on dry weight (DW) bases: ash (39.00%), moisture content (2.00%), crude protein (18.50%), crude lipid (7.55%, Crude fibre (16.30%) and carbohydrate (16.75%). Six amino acid was detected (isoleucine, leucine, tyrosine, alanine, glutamine and valine) indicating that the seed is a good source of amino acid for adult. Vitamin composition (beta- carotene, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, ascorbic acid and alpha-tocopherol) were also detected in the seed. The anti-nutrient analysis showed that the seed contains total phytate (1.25 mg/100 g) oxalate (1.70 mg/100 g) and nitrate (0.82 mg/100 g). While hydrogen cyanide was not detected. Elementary analysis revealed that the seed contain Na (0.015±0.02 mg/100 g), Cu (0.028±0.04 mg/100 g), Zn (0.441±0.10 mg/100 g), Mg (2.003±0.30 mg/100 g) and Mn (0.041±0.03 mg/100 g) while Cd, Cr and Pb were not detected. Comparing the nutrients and anti-nutrient constituent with WHO and FAO values, the result indicated that the Cassia occidentalis seed had the potential to be used as a source of nutrient in alleviating macro and micronutrient deficiencies.
- Chemical composition
- nutritional value
- Cassia occidentalis
- proximate composition
- amino acid
- mineral content
How to Cite
World Health Organisation/Europe. CINDI dietary guide. Denmark: WHO Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen; 2000.
Handa SS, Khanuja SPS, Longo G, Rakesh DD. Extraction technologies formedicinal and aromatic plants. Internal Centre for Science and High Technology Trieste. 2008;21-25.
Asaolu SS, Adefemi, OS Oyakilome IG, Ajibulu1 KE, Asaolu MF. Proximat and mineral composition of Nigerian leafy vegetables. Journal of Food Research. Canadian Canter of Science and Education. 2012;1(3):214-216.
Banerjee A, Datta JK, Mondal NK. Biochemical changes in leaves of mustard under the influence of different fertilizers and cycocel. Journal of Agricultural Technology. 2012;8(4):1397–1411.
Mohammed MI, Sharif N. Mineral composition of some leafy vegetables consumed in Kano, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Science. 2011;19(2):208-211.
Eujoba A. Chemical and biological analysis of Nigerian Cassia occidentalis species for Assian Journal of Phamaceutical and Health Science. 2012;10:133-139.
Adebowale KD, Nwokocha LM, Agbaje WB. Composition of Cissus populnea stem. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis. 2013l30;41-43.
Evans WC. Treasure and evans pharmacolognosy 15th edition, Elsevier India. 2002;137-393.
Akinwunmi OA, Omotayo FO. Proximate analysis and nutritive values of ten common vegetables in South-West (Yoruba land) Nigeria. Communications in Applied Sciences. 2016;4(2):79-91.
Okon and James. Proximate and mineral composition of some traditional Vegetables in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications. 2014;4(8):34-36,
Igile M, Rabert M. The biochenistry and functions of individual mineral elements. Journal of Biochemistry. 2007;6(7):103-107
Dusa AA, Timothy N, Magili ST, Tukur S. Determination of heavy metals in boreholes, dug wells and surface water in some selected areas of Mubi North Local Government Area Adamawa State, Nigeria. International Research J. of Chemistry and Chemical Sciences. 2017;4 (1):075-081.
Afolayan AJ, Jimoh FO. Nutritional quality of some wild leafy vegetables in South Africa; 2009.
Timothy N. Determination of heavy metals in soil and plants along major road in Hong Local Government Area, Adamawa State, Nigeria. Chemical science International Journal. 2018;25(4):1-10.
Williams ET, Nachana’a T, Shinggu DY. Concentration of heavy metals in soil and plant along Mubi - Gombi roadside, Adamawa State Nigeria. Adamawa State University. Journal of Scientific Reasarch. 2018;6(2):241–248.
AOAC. Official methods of analysis of association of analytical chemists. AOAC International, 18th ed; Horrowitz W. (ed). AOAC International Maryland, USA. 2005; 1&2:774-784.
AOAC. Official methods of analysis of the association of official’s Analytical Chemists (17th edn.) Arlington, Virginia. 2003;96-105.
Ranjham SK. Animal nutrition: 5th Revised edition. Vikas Publishing House Pvt Ltd, New Delhi. 2001;1-576.
Omoyeni, O.A., E. Aterigbade, R.O. Akinyeye and R.A. Olowu 2012: Phytochemical Screening, Nutritional/Anti-nutritional and Amino acid compositions of Nigeria Melanthera Scandens. Scientific Reviews & Chemical Communications 2;20-30.
FAO/WHO. Codex Alimentarius Commission/FAO/WHO food standards, “Standard for named vegetable oils. CODEX-STAN 210 Ed. FAO/WHO; 2011.
Ubwa TS, Tyohemba LR, Qrisstuberg OB. Proximate and mineral analysis of some wild leafy vegetables common in Benue State, Middle Belt-Nigeria International Journal of Sciences. 2015;4(5):25-29.
Wong DWS. Mechanism and theory in food Chemistry, 4th ed; CBS publishersand Distributors, New Delhi. 2005;1-550.
Omoyeni OA, Aluko BT. Qualitative determination of chemical and nutritional composition of Cissus petiolata leaves. Electronic Journal of Environmental, Agricultural and Food Chemistr. 2010;9; 436-440.
Fagbohun ED, Lawal OU, Ore ME. The proximate, mineral and phytochemical analysis of the leaves of Ocimum gratissilium L. Melanthera Scandens (Schum & Thonn) Roberty and Leea guiheensis G. Don. International Journal of Applied Biology and Pharmaceutical Technology. 2011 3;(1):15-22.
Eleazu CO, Eleazu KC. Bioactive constituents and in vitro antioxidant capacity of water leaf (Talinum triangulare) as affected by domestic cooking. European Journal of Medicinal Plants. 2013;3(4): 540- 551.
Asaolu SS, Asaolu MF. Trace metal distribution in Nigerian leafy vegetables. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition. 2010;9(1): 91-92.
Ayoola PB, Adeyeye I, Onawumi OO. Trace elements and major minerals evaluation of Spondias mombin, Vernomia amygdalina and Mmordica charantia leaves. Pakistian Journal of Nutrition. 2010;9(8): 755-756.
Tona T, Mesia K, Ngimbi NP, Chrimwami P, Okondahoka K, Cimanga T, Bruyne T, Apers S, Hermans N, Totte J, Pieters L, Vlietinck AJ. In – vivo anti-malaria active of Cassia occidentalis, Morindamorindoides and Phyllanthusniruri. Ann Trop Mde, Parasitol. 2001;95(1):47–57.
Odoemelam SA. Proximate composition sective phytochemical properties of the seeds of African oil bean. Afark J. Nutr. 2005;4:382–383.
Vashishtha V, Amod K, Jacob TJ, Nayak NC. Cassia occidentalis poisoning as the probable cause of hepatomyoencephalopathy in children in Western Uttar Pradesh. Indian J. Med Res. 2007;125:756–728.
Victor N, Chidi O. Faithochemical constituents of selected medicinal plant. African Journal of pure and applied chemistry. 2009;3(11):228–233.
Samy RP, Ignacimuthu S. Anti-bacterial activity of some folklore medicinal plant used by tribals in Western Ghats of India. J. Ethnopharmocol. 2000;69(1):63–71.
Timothy N. Variation of heavy metal concentration in soil and plant with distance away from the edge of the road and depth at which the soil samples were taken along song – Yola Highway Adamawa State Nigeria International Journal of Ecology and Development Research. 2002;5(1):053-061.
Abstract View: 2666 times
PDF Download: 549 times