Assessment of Lifestyle Practices and Nutritional Status among Undergraduate Medical Students

Main Article Content

B. N. Kruthi
H. Raghunath
M. Hamsa

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Overweight and obesity are not only the biggest problem among the middle-aged but also among children, teenagers and young adults. Early detection of the factors causing obesity, in turn, helps in the prevention of its complications. The objectives of the study were to assess the various lifestyle practices among medical students and to correlate the relationship between the nutritional status and biochemical parameters.

Methods: A cross-sectional - study was conducted on MBBS students studying at Mandya Institute of Medical Sciences (MIMS), Mandya, Karnataka, India. Self-administered questionnaires were given to the students followed by the recording of their anthropometric measurements. Nutritional status was assessed using the Body Mass Index (BMI). Fasting blood sample was collected from the student and analysed the biochemical parameters.

Results: Out of 325 students, 48.9% were male students and 51.1% were female students. It was found that a higher percentage of female students (53%) was on a balanced diet as compared to male students (47.2%). The daily consumption of fruits and vegetables were less amongst students of both genders. Mean values of Fasting Blood Sugar (FBS), Total Cholesterol (TC), Triglyceride (TG) and Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL-C) were higher among male students as compared to female students. Mean values of few biochemical parameters like FBS, TC, TG and LDL-C were higher amongst obese students along with a corresponding decrease in High-Density Lipoprotein (HDL-C).

Conclusion: Our study showed that unhealthy dietary and lifestyle practices were associated with increased levels of various biochemical parameters and it was more common amongst male students. Increased biochemical parameters like FBS, TC, TG and LDL-C with the corresponding decrease in HDL-C is an alarming sign for increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease among the younger age group.

Keywords:
Lifestyle, nutrition, biochemical parameters, cardiovascular diseases & MBBS students.

Article Details

How to Cite
Kruthi, B. N., Raghunath, H., & Hamsa, M. (2019). Assessment of Lifestyle Practices and Nutritional Status among Undergraduate Medical Students. International Journal of Biochemistry Research & Review, 28(3), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijbcrr/2019/v28i330147
Section
Original Research Article

References

American Diabetes Association Recommendations; 2014.
Available:https://www.amc.edu/pathology_labservices/addenda/addenda_documents/
Americandiabetesassociationrecommendations2.pdf

World Health Organization. Obesity: Preventing and managing the global epidemic. Geneva; 2000.
[Update unknown, cited 2018 July 12]
Available:http://www.who.int/obesity /who_TRS_894

World Health Organization. Obesity and overweight, World Obesity Federation; 2018.
[Update unknown, cited 2018 July 11].
Available:http://www.who.int/news;room/fact-sheets/detail/obesity-and-overweight

Pradeepa R, Anjana RM, Joshi SR, et al. Prevalence of generalized & abdominal obesity in urban & rural India -the ICMR-INDIAB Study (Phase-I) [ICMR- INDIAB-3]. Indian J Med Res. 2015;142(2): 139–150.

Selvaraj K, Sivaprakasam P. A study on the prevalence of overweight and obesity among medical students of Kanchipuram District. NJRCM. 2013;2(2):140-144.

Gupta S, Guha Ray T, Saha I. Overweight, obesity and influence of stress on body weight among undergraduate medical students. Indian J of Community Medicine. 2009;34(3):255-257.
Available:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2800910

Jayaraj, Nair PP, Napolean R, Stephen J, Nishanth K, Suresh D. Prevalence of overweight and obesity among students of medical college in South India: A pilot study. Indian Journal of Clinical Practice. 2014;25(4):333-337.

Sajwani, R, Shoukat, S, Raza, R, Shiekh, M, Rashid Q, Siddique M, et al. Knowledge and practice of healthy lifestyle and dietary habits in medical and non-medical students of Karachi, Pakistan. Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association. 2009; 59(9):650-5.
Available:http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/childhood_what/en/

World Health Organization. Obesity, Global health observatory data; 2018.
[Update unknown, cited 2018 July 12].
Available:http://www.who.int/gho/ncd/risk_factors/obesity_text/en

Padmasree D, Ujwala U. Influence of certain factors on overweight and obesity among undergraduate medical students at Vizianagaram. International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology. 2012;5(1):38-42.

Chaitali A Gore, Mangala Subramanian, Mini Jayan. Overweight and obesity and its determinants among medical students in Bangalore, India. Journal of Evolution of Medical and Dental Sciences. 2013; 2(28):5187-5193.

Jagruti D, Hariom S, Smita NV, Subhankar K. Correlation of anthropometric parameters with lipid profile in first year medical students. International Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Research. 2018; 5(1):54–60.

Gulam SB, Ayesha J, Chetan K, Amtul R. Comparative study of lipid profile with body mass index in young healthy medical students. International Journal of Bio-techno-logy and Biochemistry. 2018; 14(1):19-25.